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Map of GuangDongMap of GuangDong

 红色地区为广东
Red area is GuangDong
红色地区为广东 Red area is GuangDong

 

广东省地处中国大陆最南部。东邻福建,北接江西、湖南,西连广西,南临海南,珠江三角洲东西两侧分别与香港、澳门特别行政区接壤,西南部雷州半岛隔琼州海峡与海南省相望。全境位于北纬20°13‘~25°31’和东经109°39‘~117°19’之间。东起南澳县南澎列岛的赤仔屿,西至雷州市纪家镇的良坡村,东西跨度约800公里;北自乐昌市白石乡上坳村,南至徐闻县角尾乡灯楼角,跨度约600公里。北回归线从南澳—从化—封开一线横贯广东。全省陆地面积为17.98万平方公里,约占全国陆地面积的1.87%;其中岛屿面积1592.7平方公里,约占全省陆地面积的0.89%。全省沿海共有面积500平方米以上的岛屿759个,数量仅次于浙江、福建两省,居全国第三位。另有明礁和干出礁1631个。全省大陆岸线长3368.1公里,居全国第一位。按照《联合国海洋公约》关于领海、大陆架及专属经济区归沿岸国家管辖的规定,全省海域总面积41.9万平方公里。 
简述广东,《吕氏春秋》中称“百越”,《史记》中称“南越”,《汉书》称“南粤”,越与粤通,也简称粤,泛指岭南一带地方。广东的先民很早就在这片土地上生息、劳动、繁衍。在历史长河中,广州、广东的名称次第出现,逐渐演化成广东省及其辖境。先秦以前距今约12.9万年以前,岭南出现了早期古人(马坝人)。商与西周时代,部分广东先民便与中原商、周王朝有了经济文化往来。春秋战国时代,岭南与吴、越楚国关系密切,交往频繁。历史上楚庭、南武城的传说,反映出这一时期岭南与楚、越的关系。《国语·楚语上》也有“抚征南海”的记载,可见当时岭南与楚国有军事、政治关系。
 中华人民共和国时期1949年10月14日,广州解放;10月28日,广州市人民政府成立;11月6日,广东省人民政府正式成立。全省共设珠江、东江、西江、北江、粤中、南路、兴梅、潮汕、琼崖等9专区,共辖7市98县,广州市为中央直辖市。1952年,广东省和广州市由中南行政委员会领导,将北海市及钦州专区划归广西,广西的怀集县划入广东。1954年,广东省改由中央直接领导,原由中央直辖的广州市划归广东省管辖。此后,市、专区、县几乎年年都有调整。1979年,原属惠阳地区的宝安县改设深圳市,原属佛山地区的珠海县改设珠海市,均由省直辖。广东省直辖广州、海口、汕头、湛江、茂名、佛山、江门、深圳、珠海、韶关等10市,分设韶关、惠阳、梅县、汕头、佛山、湛江、肇庆等7地区和海南行政区及海南黎族、苗族自治州,共辖14市、92县、3自治县。1981年,设立西沙、南沙、中沙群岛办事处,由海南行政区直接领导。1983年以后,部分地市、县的行政管理体制有新的变动,实行以市带县。1988年,中央政府将海南行政区从广东省划出,另设海南省;同年,广东开始取消地区设置,另设18个地级市(后增加到21个地级以上市),实行地级市管县体制,以及乡镇管村体制,一直沿用至今。
侨乡概况广东省自古就是中国海上贸易和移民出洋最早、最多的省份,近代以后逐渐发展成为重点侨乡。海外侨胞众多、归侨侨眷众多广东有2000多万海外侨胞,占全国的三分之二,遍及世界100多个国家和地区,主要分布在东南亚的印尼、泰国、马来西亚、新加坡、菲律宾、越南、柬埔寨,欧美的美国、加拿大、法国、英国,南美洲的秘鲁、墨西哥、巴拿马、古巴、委内瑞拉,大洋州的澳大利亚、新西兰,非洲的毛里求斯、马达加斯加、南非、留尼汪等国家和地区。
省内有2000多万归侨侨眷,主要集中在珠江三角州、潮汕平原和梅州地区。广府语地区的归侨侨眷约有800万人,潮汕语系地区归侨侨眷约有700万人,客家语系地区约有归侨侨眷500万人。全省23个华侨农场,安置归侨、难侨8万多人,是归侨侨眷最集中的地方。
人口常住人口超9000万人,常住人口总量居全国第三位根据2005年全国1%人口抽样调查结果推算,2005年年末,广东省常住人口达9194万人,常住人口总量在全国31个省、市、自治区中居第三位。全省的常住人口中,省外流动人口为1635.89万人,占全省常住人口总量的17.8%。2005年1%人口抽样调查结果表明,自2000年第五次人口普查以来,全省的省外流动人口数量处于稳步增长的态势,省外流动人口总量一直居全国首位。2005年,广东省省外流动人口数占全国跨省流动人口总量的34.2%。
 

Guangdong (廣 東) (formerly spelt Canton) is a province on the south coast of the People’s Republic of China. Guangzhou is the provincial capital city.
 Guangdong Province is situated in the southern part of China mainland. It adjoins Jiangxi and Hunan provinces to the north, Fujian Province to the east, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the west and to the south across the Qiongzhou Strait is the island Province of Hainan. Guangdong province covers an area of over 180,000 square kilometres (69,502 square miles) and has permanent population of 74,730,000. It also has 3,368 kilometres (1,300 miles) of winding coastline, which is the longest in the country. Rivers from all over the province meandering through the fertile Pearl River Delta discharges into the South China Sea at the half waypoint of the coastline. The Pearl River Delta is one of China's most densely cultivated areas. Situated right at the top of this river delta at the confluence of the North River, East River and West River is the provincial capital city of Guangzhou, which was formerly known as Canton to the western world. 
History
Chinese administration in the region began with the Qin (秦) Dynasty. The Han (漢) Dynastyadministered Guangdong, Guangxi, and northern Vietnam as Jiao Province. Under the Wu (吳) Kingdom of the Three Kingdom (三 國) period, Guangdong was made its own province, the Guang province, in 226.During the Mongol Yuan (元) Dynasty, Guangdong was part of Jiangxi (江 西). Its present name, “Guangdong Province” was given in early Ming (明) Dynasty. 
 Since the 16th century, Guangdong has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world. European merchants coming northwards via the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea, particularly the Portuguese and British, traded extensively through Guangzhou. Macau, on the southern coast of Guangdong, was the first European settlement in China since 1557. It was the Opium Trade through Guangzhou that triggered the Opium Wars, opening an era of foreign incursion and intervention in China. In addition to Macau, which was then a Portuguese colony, Hong Kong was ceded to the Britsh, and Kwang-Chou-Wan (廣 州 灣) to the French. In 19th century, Guangdong was also the major port of exit for labours in Southeast Asia and the Western United States and Canada.
 Historically, many overseas Chinese communities have their origins in Guangdong and specially Taishan (台 山).
 Guangzhou is an ancient city with a history of 2800 years. It is named 'the spring city' because with long summer the city is always with green plants and blooming with fresh flowers all years round. Myth legend tells of Guangzhou was founded by Five Immortals riding five rams, each ram planted a stalks of rice grain which symbolizes abundant of harvest or prosperity. And this is how Guangzhou got its nickname, 'Yang Cheng' literally means 'Goat City'. Guangzhou provides traveller with their first taste of mainland China, thus resulting in also been the first place of mainland China where foreign influences enters into the country. 
 Guangzhou is also the main communication centre of Guangdong with generous amount of railways, highways, bridges, multi levels of flyovers and labyrinth of waterways. Ferries are still very much in use as a mode of transport, which also provides river excursion. With so many types of transport, it's not difficult to go to other places, towns and other areas in Guangdong Province.


Culture Chinese administration in the region began with the Qin (秦) Dynasty.

 The Han (漢) Dynasty administered Guangdong, Guangxi, and northern Vietnam as Jiao Province. Under the Wu (吳) Kingdom of the Three Kingdom (三 國) period, Guangdong was made its own province, the Guang province, in 226.
  During the Mongol Yuan (元) Dynasty, Guangdong was part of Jiangxi (江 西). Its present name, “Guangdong Province” was given in early Ming (明) Dynasty.
  Since the 16th century, Guangdong has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world. European merchants coming northwards via the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea, particularly the Portuguese and British, traded extensively through Guangzhou. Macau, on the southern coast of Guangdong, was the first European settlement in China since 1557. It was the Opium Trade through Guangzhou that triggered the Opium Wars, opening an era of foreign incursion and intervention in China. In addition to Macau, which was then a Portuguese colony, Hong Kong was ceded to the British, and Kwang-Chou-Wan (廣 州 灣) to the French. In 19th century, Guangdong was also the major port of exit for labours in Southeast Asia and the Western United States and Canada.
  Historically, many overseas Chinese communities have their origins in Guangdong and specially Taishan (台 山). Guangdong is a multicultural province. The central region, which is also the political and economic centre, is populated predominantly by Guangzhou dialect speaker. This region is associated with Cantonese cuisine (粵菜)Cantonese cuisine also includes Hakka cuisine (客 家 菜) and Teochew cuisine (潮 州 菜). Cantonese opera (粵 劇) is a form of Chinese opera popular in Cantonese speaking areas.
  The Hakka people live in most of the eastern part of Guangdong. Hakka culture includes Hakka cuisine, Han opera (漢 劇), and Hakka folk songs (客 家 山 歌).
 Teochew people also live in eastern of Guangdong around cities of Chaozhou and Shantou. People here speak Teochew dialect. Teochew opera (潮 劇) is also very famous and has a unique form.
What to seeGuangdong has many picturesque tourist places of attractions. No matter be it a natural scenic spot, a historical or cultural site, it has its own highlight and interest. Here, each tourist can find what he or she wants to see. If you want to appreciate the beautiful natural landscapes, you can go to climb Guangdong's four famous mountains. They are Danxia Mountain in the north, Xijiao Mountain at the South China Sea, Luofu Mountain in Boluo and the Dinghu Mountain in Zhaoqing. Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Yuexiu Park, Baiyun Shan (White Cloud Mountain) and the Pearl River water front could be enjoyed in Guangzhou.
Up North by the Hunan and Jingling borders is the Nanhua Temple in Shaoguan. Journeying to the east from Shantou you may see much beautiful countryside scenery. To the west may lead you to Guangxi Province with picturesque lakes and hill landscapes. At the south is China's Special Economic Zone with the two well known cities of Shenzhen just north of the former British colony of Hong Kong and Zhuhai on the border with the former Portuguese enclave of Macau. At Shenzhen, you can complete a round-the-world trip in one day by visiting Splendid China and Window of the World. It exhibits collection of scale models of the world's famous structures or monuments such as the Great Wall of China, the Eiffel Tower of France and many others. Downtown in Shenzhen you may find the China Folk Culture Villages. This folk culture village introduces to tourist the different natural conditions and social customs of all the various Chinese ethnic groups. Different colorful ethnic group cultural dances and performances were held at every interval of thirty minutes. Besides that you may also get to see some arches, pavilions, huts and paintings on rock.
 For sports enthusiastic people, there are some golf courses built with international standards in Zhuhai, Shenzhen and other cities. You can also have much fun in some excellent beaches existing along the thousand kilometres of coastline.
 When to go
    Guangdong has a subtropical climate. Summer can be sweltering hot and wet. Typhoon hit this province frequently in summer and autumn. Annual rainfall averages nearly 1500-2000 millimetres and annual temperature averages 19C - 26C. So the best time for travellers to Guangdong is in spring and autumn.
 Guangdong is famous for its fine gastronomy Cantonese cuisine. Many returning overseas Chinese would enjoy dinning in the various restaurants. All in one words Guangdong is graceful and charming. The bustling markets, the brightly lighted night fair, the Cantonese restaurants and tea house that can be found everywhere and the wholeness of it tells you, the full essence of Guangdong Province. What you have to do is to visit, experience and relish it.

 

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